Are you interested in trying your hand at growing black beans? Good news: Even though it has taken many bean lovers many years to finally discover what the secret to growing black beans was, the truth is, the secrets to growing any variety of vegetable are within their reach. Good news: Black beans are quite resilient plants, able to grow almost anywhere on earth. No matter where you live when you go out and plant, you’re going to affect how your plants grow, but most all beans require a three-month (or more) period of light-intake as long as they’re receiving an average of 6 or more hours of daylight per day, and healthy soils are in temperatures of around 20 to 27 Celsius; this is what’s known as a warm weather soil. If you haven’t planted this hearty crop in your garden before, you should realize that it can be a fairly steep learning curve once you get started, so please be patient as you begin to plant.
The first thing you need to know when it comes to growing black beans is their very specific time of growth; unlike other vegetables which have one set of growing requirements and one time a year, growing black beans requires a three-week cycle. To help speed things along (and by “they” do mean plants, not animals), purchase or make compost a month or two before planting. This is to “feed” the roots so that they can begin to grow properly and, believe it or not, without extra nutrition, your plants won’t be able to thrive. This is also a great time to buy seeds or starter plants because the amount of variety available is amazing.
You’ll want to be sure to plant your seedlings in their proper areas and follow the planting instructions for starters. There aren’t any special watering instructions for growing black beans, so keep this in mind if you’re planting in someone’s yard that isn’t familiar with them. The soil you plant them in should be fairly dry, as water is one of the most precious resources they have. Don’t worry though, the plants will actually grow into their new location quicker than you expected since they’ll be hydrated.
It is very important for you to be sure the plants are getting the proper nutrients and water (if they don’t get enough, they will rot), but also know that many of them don’t need any fertilizer at all. If you’re growing black beans to eat, then they don’t need any added vitamins; however, if you’re trying to grow them for another use, like for another crop, then they definitely will need it. For example, I would suggest growing them for their meat (just another crop), and not for their fiber (another crop to eat).
Once you’ve found a good place to grow them in, it’s time to start preparing your soil. For growing black beans for their meat, I would suggest preparing the soil a bit more fertile than you might normally do. Since this is a ‘rich’ bean crop, they need extra moisture. Keep in mind that you will be adding compost to the soil once the plants start to grow, which will help them stay healthy and strong. But the compost shouldn’t be processed or mixed with the soil, until after the plants have sprouted.
When you’re planting the plants, water them deeply so that the roots get lots of room to grow. Once you’ve planted them, make sure they’re covered with mulch to protect the roots from rainwater. The mulch will help keep fungus and other unwanted plants from growing in your plants’ space and help them grow healthier overall.
After you’ve covered the soil and let them get started growing, you will need to start feeding them with fertilizer. Make sure that you use a balanced plant food designed specifically for growing plants, so that your plants get all the nutrients that they need. The best types of fertilizer for this crop are those that contain Nitrogen. If you happen to be lucky enough to have a fallow crop, that’s great-just fertilize your plants right after the falls. Just remember that your plants will need lots of Nitrogen for healthy growth and the ability to fight off any weeds.