Fall is a great time for growing vegetables! However, you will need to prepare your garden for this time of year, otherwise the majority of the fruits and vegetables will be ruined by frost. There are some simple tips you should follow to ensure that your garden is not destroyed by frost, or at least prevents the majority of it from being destroyed. Also, fall harvests can be extremely rewarding, providing you’ve done things right.
First, begin with fresh seed; most perennial crops don’t last more than a year, so it doesn’t matter how good you soil is if you’re growing vegetables in it. Parsnips, carrots, squash, corn, pumpkins, and any other annual crops should be planted in a shallow bed with good drainage. It doesn’t matter how well your soil is prepared; if your soil is not prepared properly for growing vegetables, then it won’t matter how well you prepare for the season.
If you are growing summer vegetables, you should start preparing your soil 2 months prior to the start of cool weather, and again, don’t plant until the soil is warm! Fall harvest vegetables such as potatoes, onions, cucumbers, and tomatoes will do best in a deeper, enriched soil, but any type of vegetable can do well in a deeper bed with good drainage. Keep in mind that the first watering of your vegetable crops may need to come earlier than normal if you have had a cold spell during the fall season. You should drain all of the water off of your plants, no matter how much you watered them in the morning. This is because water freezes at temperatures below freezing, and it will harm your vegetable plants if they are watered on a frozen soil.
If you are planning on harvesting your fall harvest vegetables before the first frost, there are a few things that you should keep in mind. One, you should dig your garden up during the cold spell and put it in a cold place, such as an unheated garage. Two, you should protect your vegetable garden from frost by wrapping it in mulch and securing it to the ground with metal stakes. Three, you should mulch around the base of your plants, and then after the first frost you should remove all of the mulch, and any other items that you might need to protect your plants from frost. Four, you should refrain from moving your garden during the first few frost dates.
Your fall harvest vegetables will need to be transplanted directly into their new garden soil. If you have not seed deepened your garden soil, your plants will not prosper. However, if you have seed deepened the soil, your plants will be able to survive even with the lowest temperatures of winter. If you have not had the soil prepared, your plants should be transferred overnight to an outside location that is warm and has good soil. If you have had your soil prepared before the first frost, you can move your plants about during the day and into their new garden bed, covered with mulch, at night. Just make sure to remove all leaves from your plants’ roots prior to transplanting them into their new bedding.
The type of gardening you do will also play an important role in how your fall harvest vegetables will fare. Do you prefer a more natural method of gardening, or are you more satisfied working with chemicals? Also, are you comfortable with transplanting your plants individually or with groupings of plants? This may also impact the way you plan your gardening layout. Groupings of plants is easier when you are transplanting seeds, but it can also help you avoid problems when planting individual plants.
If you are considering growing your fall harvest vegetables, you should be aware that the timing for planting can have a great impact on the success of your planting efforts. Weeding your garden before the planting season is necessary because your seeds will not germinate in the cold soil. Planting your seeds in fall makes this process easier by giving the seed time to become warm and moist. There are many different types of seeds available for your fall garden crops, so you should be able to find something suitable for your climate. You should plan to plant late in the fall, because warmer weather can damage most seeds. This means planting late in September through November.
When you are preparing your garden soil for your seeds, you should have your seeds covered with mulch, or you can lay the covers directly on top of the soil. This allows the moisture from the soil to percolate into the seed cover, which keeps the seeds and roots cool, helping them germinate. When transplanting your seeds or preparing your vegetables for planting, it is important to keep in mind that you should transplant only a few plants at a time. This will ensure that each plant gets the proper amount of space and sunlight. Also, transplanting smaller root crops will help you get better results from your fall harvest.